It is imperative to first take a look at what mobile and wireless technologies entails. Mobile technology, as the name implies, is portable technology. Devices with this kind of technology are easy to carry and move around with them, in bags or pockets. They represent one of the most convenient gadgets we have at the moment. These devices include, laptops, tablets, smartphones etc. Wireless technology, as the name implies, does not use wires to transmit waves. It has been widely used since 1876 and with every passing decade, more and more features and options are added to this life changing technology. Examples include Bluetooth, WI-FI, wireless router etc.
Mobile and wireless technology has come a long way to becoming one of the most sought after technology in the world today. With its wide variety in applications, in different industries, it has made the running of most businesses easier.
This may sound untrue but wireless technology goes back over a century. Nikola Tesla, a scientist, was the first to send information through the air without a wire. Gugliermo Marconi, another scientist managed to send radio transmission across the English Channel in 1901. This later opened opportunities to the public use of radio in 1907. This gave birth to FM transmission courtesy of Edwin Armstrong, and then later Andrew Viterbi introduced CDMA. The rest as they say is history.
Merge of mobile devices with wireless technology has brought about some amazing inventions and applications over the past few years. I will take a look on a couple of these applications on a slightly deeper scale.
4G simply means fourth generation. Compared to the older version, 3G, 4G represents a significant improvement especially in the removal of IP address. This technology provides ultra –broadband access for mobile devices hence increased rates in data transfer. One important 4G feature is the elimination of parallel circuit-switched and packet-switched network nodes. In other words, it does not support ordinary voice phone service.
However, it supports other modes of communication comfortably, and one good example is social media communication. Communicating with people from other parts of the world has never become easier than today.
For a piece of technology to achieve 4G status, the rates must be close to one hundred megabits per second for a user on a highly mobile network and one gigabits per second for a user with local wireless connection.
Driverless Cars/ Machine
It has been projected that by 2018, getting picked up in a car without a driver will be something not worth writing about. We have already seen drones flying thousands of miles from their station. This has been made possible by advancements in wireless technologies. Very soon, these driverless gadgets may be well delivering packages to residential houses and maybe office buildings.
As we speak, autonomous (self-driving) cars have been allowed on the road but as of this year, no car has been permitted on public roads fully autonomous. This means a human must be at the driver’s seat ready to take control of the vehicle when required. These cars use techniques to sense and detect their surroundings such as radar, laser light, GPS e.t.c. Advanced systems have also been put in place to identify appropriate navigation paths. These systems are also capable of sensing and distinguishing between different cars on the road.
A smart city is an urban development that is always connected, adaptive, auto managed and well informed. Examples of such cities are London, Singapore, Barcelona. Advanced wireless technologies have played a significant role in the emergence of such cities. Most operations in these cities are well run by strong communication infrastructure such as Wi-Fi networks, GPS, sensors e.t.c.
In addition, features such as cloud computing and crowd sensing connects numerous devices on a massive scale. This enhances the quality of life for the people living in these cities. With new wireless solutions cropping up every day for smart cities, the benefits of wireless connectivity can only become more substantial in years ahead.
Mobile Banking Technology
Wireless technology is slowly taking over the global banking system. Banks are finally but gradually accepting technology as a tool of internal operations. Over the years, consumer interest has been focusing on internet banking, mobile banking; and even though the expected level in terms of popularity has not been reached yet, it is slowly gaining ground.
The opportunities and potential of mobile banking seems endless. Banks started rolling out wireless communication tools with their customers. These tools sent short messages to the account holders’ mobile phones. The messages were simple alert messages on any activity in their accounts. Later another application was introduced that enabled bank customers to gain access to more information on their accounts such as the account balance and bank account statement.
As of 2017, some banks have warmed up to using wireless channels as a means to conduct transactions in real time. This includes wireless transfer of funds from one bank account to another.
Exciting times ahead
Mobile devices have completely revolutionized the way we communicate and transact business. Accompanied with groundbreaking wireless technologies and inventions, the sky is the limit.
Major improvements expected ahead such as the introduction of 5G technology. Hopefully this will come to life sooner rather than later. This will lead to more open doors to more opportunities and more applications at our disposal.